By the end of this section of the course you should be able to:
- Explain the reasons Britain gave up the mandate
- Evaluate the impact of Arab and Jewish terrorist activities in the 1940s
Key events and processes:
- The McDonald Report and the White Paper of 1939
- The Impact of the Second World War
- British liberate Bergen Belsen (April, 1945)
- Jewish insurgency (begins October 1945
- Menachem Begin and Irgun
- Abraham Stern and the Stern Gang (Lehi)
- Ernst Bevin, British Foreign Secretary
- Irgun blow King David Hotel (July 1946)
- Ben Hecht article, in New York Herald Tribune (15 May 1947)
- SS Exodus turned back from Palestine (July 1947)
- The Sergeant’s Affair (
- The Impact of WWII and the end of the British MandateReadings:
- Hilary Brash, The Middle East: Conflict, Crisis and Change, 1917-2012, pp. 11-15.
- Hodder, pp. 10-12: Terrorism and the end of British rule;
- Edexcel, pp. 9-10
- Take notes on the end of British Palestine:End of British Rule in Palestine – Notes Guide
- Read:Notes on British policy changes in Palestine.
- Homework: (B question) Explain Two causes of the Jewish insurgency in Palestine in the years 1945 to 1947 (8)
- Draw a spider diagram showing all the possible reasons why the British position in Palestine had become impossible by 1947
- Which reasons were the most significant? Pick two and write a paragraph explaining your choice.
- Read ‘Why did the British withdraw from Palestine?‘ and answer the question that follows.