Road to War pt 2

Key individuals

  • Neville Chamberlain
  • Lord Halifax
  • Daladier
  • Beneš
  • Stalin

Key concepts and colligations

  • Hitler’s aims
  • Self-determination
  • Disarmament
  • Plebiscites
  • Appeasement

Key events

  • Manchurian Crisis
  • Abyssinian Crisis
  • Hitler announces conscription and existence of Luftwaffe (1935)
  • Franco-Soviet Pact (1935)
  • Anglo-German Naval Agreement (1935)
  • Re-militarisation of Rhineland (1936)
  • The Maginot Line; Maginot mentality
  • Rome-Berlin Axis (1936)
  • Spanish Civil War (1936-9)
  • Anschluss (1938)
  • Munich (1938)
  • Czechoslovokia (1939)
  • USSR-Nazi Pact (1939)
  • Poland (1939) and WWII

1. Hitler’s Three Key Aims:

      • Abolish Treaty of Versailles
      • Expand German territory (i.e. establish a Grossdeutschland, a Volksgemeinschaft and Lebensraum)
      • Defeat communism


2. Hitler’s actions


Hitler’s actions were influenced by the actions of others during this period including:

3. Reasons for appeasement in the 1930s

      • Read:

Churchill was the most prominent critic of appeasement, as a politician at the time and as a historian (in his book The Gathering Storm). In 1940, under the name Cato, Chamberlain and the appeasers were called The Guilty Men.

4. The Sudetenland Crisis and the Munich Conference

      • Read:

5. Was Appeasement the Right Policy?

      • Read:

See the John D. Clare section on the Road to World War II.

For the Road to War part 3, click here

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