The Middle East: Conflict, Crisis and Change, 1917-2012

This topic is divided into five areas:

1. The Build up of tension in Palestine, 1917-1948

  1. Background (non-examinable)
  2. The Balfour Declaration, November 1917
  3. The British Mandate to 1945
  4. The British Mandate, 1945-47

2. The Creation of Israel, the War of 1948-9, and the Suez Crisis of 1956

  1. United Nations Involvement in Palestine
  2. The Proclamation of the State of Israel and The First Arab-Israeli War, 1948-9
  3. The Suez Crisis of 1956

3. Tension and Conflict 1956-73

  1. The Six Day War of 1967
  2. Palestinian resistance, 1967-1973
  3. Yom Kippur War, 1973

4. Diplomacy, Peace then wider War, 1973-83

  1. Camp David and the Treaty of Washington
  2. The Lebanese War, 1982

5. The Attempts to Find a lasting peace, 1988-2012

  1. The First Intifada and the Road to Oslo
  2. The Oslo Accords, 1991-2000
  3. The Second Intifada and the Roadmap, 2000-2012


A good documentary by Simon Schama is found on ClickView


  • Hilary Brash, The Middle East: Conflict, Crisis and Change, 1917-1922 (Pearson, 2018) – the Course Textbook.
  • M Scott-Baumann, Conflict in the Middle East: Israel and the Arabs (Hodder)
  • John Wright, Edexcel eTextbook (Edexcel)

In addition to the items above, see also:

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