The Middle East: Conflict, Crisis and Change, 1917-2012


  • Hilary Brash, The Middle East: Conflict, Crisis and Change, 1917-1922 (Pearson, 2018) – the Course Textbook.
  • M Scott-Baumann, Conflict in the Middle East: Israel and the Arabs (Hodder)
  • John Wright, Edexcel eTextbook (Edexcel)

The following video provides a reasonable (but somewhat one-sided!) overview of the course.

Scheme of Work

There are five areas of knowledge that you need to master in this section of the course:

1. The Build up of tension in Palestine, 1917-1948

  1. Background (non-examinable)
  2. The Balfour Declaration, November 1917
  3. The British Mandate to 1945
  4. The British Mandate, 1945-47
  5. United Nations Involvement in Palestine

2. The Creation of Israel, the War of 1948-49 and the Suez Crisis of 1956

  1. The First Arab-Israeli War, 1948-9
  2. The Suez Crisis of 1956

3. Tension and Conflict, 1956-73

  1. Tensions
  2. The Six Day War of 1967
  3. Palestinian Resistance
  4. Yom Kippur War, 1973

4. Diplomacy, peace Then Wider War, 1973-83

  1. Diplomacy 1974-5
  2. Peace
  3. War

5. The Attempts to Find a Lasting Peace, 1987-2012

  1. Revolt (the First Intifada)
  2. Attempts to Achieve Peace
  3. Arafat, Rabin and the Oslo Peace Accords
  4. The Second Intifada, 2000-05
  5. An Attempt to Restart the Talks: the Roadmap for Peace, 2003
  6. The Gaza War, 2008-09

In addition to the items above, see also:

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