This is a brief talk on the reasons for appeasement…
It fits nicely with the section in the Year 9 area of the blog: The Road to War: part 2 (just click the link).
In it, I’m arguing that appeasement made sense, at least in 1938. I comes in these sections (I have also added some of the very specific things I mention; you may need to find out what some of them were). You can get a Word copy of this crib Why Appeasement?, a PDF WWhy Appeasement?, just click on the link.
INTRODUCTION: WHO’S GOING TO ARGUE WITH THE GREATEST ENGLISHMAN?
The answer is, I am…
PART ONE: THE FIRST WORLD WAR REMEMBERED
Memories of the last war haunted Britain, and British politics
- All Quiet on the Western Front; Journey’s End; Goodbye to all That; Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man
- The Oxford Union: ‘This house will under no circumstances fight for its king and country’
- The East Fulham by-election
- Peace Pledge Union
- Stanley Baldwin: Appalling Frankness speech
- The Great Depression and the not so great recovery
PART TWO: WHO DO YOU THINK YOUR KIDDING MR HITLER?
Why was Hitler’s Germany so hard to read?
- Mein Kampf
- Hermann Goering
- The treaty of Versailles
- The Hossbach memorandum
- Czechoslovakia; Edvard Benes
- The Germanophiles: Unity Mitford, Lady Londonderry, Edward VIII
- The be nice to the Germans. and see where it gets us: Lloyd George, Lord Halifax, Chamberlain
- The diplomatic web: the Anglo-German Naval Agreement
- Collective Security? The story of the Stresa Front
- Just how strong were German forces?
PART THREE: THE EMPIRE ON WHICH THE SUN WAS VERY MUCH IN DANGER OF SETTING UPON
How Britain’s empire affected its options
- The white dominions and the Statute of Westminster
- The very thin red line
PART FOUR: NAKED INTO THE CONFERENCE CHAMBER
Britain was woefully ill prepared for war in 1938
- Ten Year Rule
- DRC (Defence Requirements Committee)
- Guernica; ;’the bomber will always get through’
- Rearmament in 1938: RADAR, Spitfires and Hurricanes
PART FIVE: THE FACTS OF LIFE IN 1938
Britain had one ally, and they weren’t much use
- The League of Nations: Manchuria, Abyssinia
- Italy: Mussolini, the Rome-Berlin Axis
- France: the Maginot Mentality
- Mitteleuropa, Little Europa
- The remilitarisation of the Rhineland
- Stalin’s USSR: the Great Terror, the Red Army, Poland
- Why the Franco-Soviet Pact wasn’t worth the paper it was written on
PART SIX: THE MAN OF THE HOUR
How Neville Chamberlain saved the world. Or, how he thought he had…
- The Chamberlains
- Britain’s German Question
- Sudeten Crisis (Konrad Henlein)
- Plan Z
- Berchtesgaden, Godesberg, Munich
- Was Munich a defeat for Hitler?
SOME CONCLUSIONS: THERE WAS NO ALTERNATIVE IN 1938, BUT THAT WAS IN PART THEIR OWN FAULT
- Rab Butler
- Cabinet Papers
- Appeasement analogy
Here is old cinema newsreel footage of Chamberlain returning from Munich