Hitler and Appeasement, 1933-39

Key individuals

  • Neville Chamberlain
  • Lord Halifax
  • Daladier
  • Beneš
  • Stalin

Key concepts and colligations

  • The Hossbach Memorandum
  • The Maginot Line; Maginot mentality
  • Franco-Soviet Pact (1935)
  • Plan Z
  • ‘a quarrel in a far away country between people of whom we know nothing’
  • ‘Peace in our time’
  • The Munich Agreement
  • ‘It is the last territorial claim which I have to make in Europe’
  • ‘The Scrap of Paper’

 

 
1. Hitler’s Three Key Aims:

 
2. Hitler’s actions

 

3. Reasons for appeasement in the 1930s

    Read:

     

    Churchill was the most prominent critic of appeasement, as a politician at the time and as a historian (in his book The Gathering Storm). In 1940, under the name Cato, Chamberlain and the appeasers were called The Guilty Men.

     


     

 
4. The Sudetenland Crisis and the Munich Conference

 
5. Was Appeasement the Right Policy?

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