The British Mandate to 1945

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Learning Outcomes

By the end of this section of the course you should be able to:

  • Explain the terms of the the British Mandate for Palestine
  • Explain the reasons for Palestinian Arab unrest in the 1920s and 1930s
  • Explain the solution proposed by the Peel Commission and how this was received by both Palestinian Arabs and Jews
  • Explain the impact of the Second World War on the Mandate

Key events and processes:

  • The British Mandate – class A (confirmed in 1922)
  • Jewish immigration(know some figures) and the reaction of Palestinians, including the Arab Revolt (1936)
  • Clashes between Jews and Palestinians
  • The Peel Commission, 1936-7
  • The McDonald Report and the White Paper of 1939
  • The Impact of the Second World War
  1. The British Mandate




      • Summarise the key provisions of the the Palestine Mandate
      • How are the British Mandate and the Balfour declaration related?
      • How far are the interests of Arab Palestinians recognised in the Mandate?
      • Summarise the key provisions of the Mandate
      • Explain the extent of and reasons for population change in the mandate in the 1920s and 1930s
      • Using the sources in the this file – Jewish immigration to Palestine – complete the diagram explaining the causes and consequences of Jewish immigration between 1900 and 1945.
      • Identify and briefly describe three incidents which indicate that Arab Palestinians were unhappy about the increasing Jewish immigration

  3. The 1937 Peel Commission

      • Hilary Brash, The Middle East: Conflict, Crisis and Change, 1917-2012, pp. 6-9.
      • from BBC Bitesize



      • Develop a role-play based around the Peel Commission of 1936 which came after six months of fighting between Jews and Arabs in Palestine

  5. Palestine and the Second World War


      • What are the key differences between 1937 Peel Commission and the McDonald Report that led to the White Paper of 1939? How do you explain the British change of policy?
      • How far did WWII change British policy in Palestine?
      • Draw a living graph of the period 1917-1945 identifying the changes and continuities in British policy in that period.

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