By the end of this section of the course you should be able to:
- Explain the terms of the the British Mandate for Palestine
- Describe some of the changes to the geography of the Middle East after WWI
- Explain the build of tension in Palestine in the years after 1919 brought about by the Balfour Declaration, Jewish immigration and the Peel Commission;
Key events and processes:
- The British Mandate – class A (confirmed in 1922)
- Jewish immigration(know some figures) and the reaction of Palestinians, including the Arab Revolt (1936)
- Clashes between Jews and Palestinians
- The Peel Commission, 1936-7
- Versailles and The British Mandate
- Summarise the key provisions of the the Palestine Mandate
- How are the British Mandate and the Balfour declaration related?
- How far are the interests of Arab Palestinians recognised in the Mandate?
- Summarise the key provisions of the Mandate
- British rule and Jewish immigration, 1919-1939
- Hodder, pp. 6-9;
Edexcel, pp. 4-6.
- Charlotte Kelsted, ‘100 years after the Balfour Declaration – revisiting Herbert Samuel’s Legacy’.
- Using the Palestinian facts website AND the textbooks (especially Edexcel 4-6), create a bar graph of Jewish immigration into Palestine between 1919 and 1939.
- Where are the peaks and troughs of Jewish Immigration during this period and how do you explain them?
- Paired task
- Was Jewish and Palestinian conflict inevitable?
- Prepare a series of questions and answers to ask a Palestinian Arab and a recent Jewish immigrant to Palestine in 1947:
- Carry out a role play with one student as interviewer and the other as the Palestinian Arab.
- Carry out a second role play and swap roles.
- Homework: Explain key features of Jewish immigration (7 marks)
- What were the ambitions of the British White Paper of 1922 and why were they not fulfilled? Read Charlotte Kelsted, ‘100 years after the Balfour Declaration – revisiting Herbert Samuel’s Legacy’.
- Hodder, pp. 6-9;
- The 1937 Peel Commission
- Hodder, pp. 8-9;
- Edexcel, pp. 7-8.
Video: from BBC Bitesize
- Note taking: Palestine 1919-39 – Note-Taking Guide
- The Peel Commission Role Play
- Develop a role-play based around the Peel Commission of 1936 which came after six months of fighting between Jews and Arabs in Palestine
- Read:Notes on British policy changes in Palestine.
- What are the key differences between 1937 Peel Commission and the McDonald Report that led to the White Paper of 1939? How do you explain the British change of policy?
- Why did ambitions for first a Legislative Assembly that would include both Jews and Arabs and then plans for an Arab Agency, analogous to the Jewish Agency, both fail?